By Serena Tomlin. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 14:46:58 PM.
Humidity control is another valid concern. Damp air keeps wine corks from drying out, which forces the cork to stay expanded and ensures a firm seal. Laying a bottle on its side will also ensure the cork remains moist on the inside, which is just as important to keep the cork swollen. The ideal humidity level for your cellar is 55%-85%. If you’re concerned about humidity, buy a hygrometer to measure your cellar's humidity level. You can always install a humidifier if your cellar is dry, but be careful not to let the humidity rise much above 90% as this will cause mold to grow on the corks.
Choice of lighting
Proper aging of wine requires that you keep wine undisturbed as well as at a constant temperature. While wine refrigerators are built to handle these tasks for you, wine cellars will require some preparation. You will need to invest in an cellar cooling system for this purpose. While cellaring wine can be expensive, someone with a large wine collection and a desire to age wine will surely benefit from this investment.
The general rule when building is, the thicker the walls the better the insulation factor, the better the cellar maintains a consistent temperature. A vapor barrier and insulation is required. 6-mil plastic sheeting should be applied to the hot side of the cellar walls & ceiling. If it is impossible to apply to the outside walls then apply the vapor barrier from within the cellar. Wrap the entire cellar, walls and ceilings, in plastic, leaving it loose in-between the stud cavity so the insulation can be placed easily. Recommended MINIMUM R Factor: Walls: R 11 Ceilings: R 19
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