By Bexley Barth. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Wednesday, May 30th, 2018 - 23:44:38 PM.
Ridged Foam and Fiberglass insulation are normally used in cellar construction. It is very important that all walls and ceilings be insulated. This will ensure that the temperature will remain constant and not be affected by the outside elements. If the floor is concrete apply a sealer before applying the finish flooring. This will prevent any moisture from transmitting from the ground. This moisture will rot wood and keep mastic, used to apply tile and linoleum, from setting properly.
You may not be ready to construct an insulated room with a built-in air conditioner that will ensure perfect temperature regulation. The important thing is to keep temperature fluctuation to a minimum. In the summer, the temperature in your dining room may balloon to the mid-80s in the middle of the day then fall to the mid-60s during the night. Excessive temperature fluctuation will cause the wine to expand and contract in the bottle, which will draw in air through the cork and cause oxidation.
For flooring, cover the insulation panels with plain wood (plywood), preferably overlaid with a thick synthetic carpet which can cushion dropped bottles and minimise breakage. The optimum cooling equipment is not domestic air conditioners but industrial refrigerating compressors, situated outside the houseapartment and connected to evaporators in the cellar, which are best mounted on the ceiling to save wall space for the racking. It is better to provide over rather than under capacity of cooling because it imposes less strain on the compressor. And insist on high quality equipment, especially the controlling thermostat. A faulty thermostat could cause the compressor to operate non-stop, leading to temperatures of 50 degrees fahrenheit or more below zero, with absolutely disastrous and irretrievable consequences to your wine. Provision of an alarm set to go off if the temperature goes beyond preset minimum and maximum temperatures is essential.
Vibration is another factor to keep in mind. Wine needs to rest without distraction or constant rumblings in the environment. Keep wine away from any motors or heaters, and if you live near the metro, you may want to find another location to store your wine. Finally, as your wine cellar grows like wildflowers you can use two simple things to help organize your cellar. Plastic tabs containing the wine's name and vintage can be placed around the bottle's neck to help you determine which wine is in front of you without having to pull the bottle off the rack.
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