By Heather Chow. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 02:41:26 AM.
This also means that you should measure the bottles you plan to keep. Keep in mind that the average 750 milliliter bottle of wine is approximately 3-4 inches wide and roughly 12 inches tall. However, wine bottles come in a variety of sizes, so consider any exceptions to this measurement that you purchase frequently or would like to store. So, if you had roughly 20 bottles of wine that you wanted to store, consider storing them in a rectangle: 4 bottles by 5 bottles. If you allow 5 square inches for each bottle (including the dividing woodmetal), that would give you an area of roughly 20 inches by 25 inches. You can use this as a guideline when designing your home wine rack.
The first principle for starting a wine cellar is to ensure temperature control. The perfect temperature for wine storage is a constant 55°F. Lower temperatures will throw the wine into a state of dormancy. For example, storing wine in the refrigerator at near-freezing temperatures will numb the wine, making it taste flat instead of fruity and lively. Higher temperatures will not only accelerate the wine’s aging, but when kept above 75°F the wine will slowly bake.
Airflow and ventilation: Since wine thrives best in cooler temperatures (and ages more slowly), the importance of adequate airflow and ventilation in an underground wine cellar cannot be over-emphasised. Maintaining good airflow to your cellar will keep it free from any persistent odours and will ensure a healthy and long-life for your wines. The room adjoining your wine cellar is known as the exhaust room and if you want your cellar space to stay at a cool and constant temperature, the exhaust room will require a cooling unit. A cooling unit will blow cool air into the cellar at a 45-degree angle, which then pushes warm air to the ceiling. This warm air is then brought into the unit and passes into the exhaust room – helping to regulate the temperature in the wine cellar.
However, much like wine racks and wine refrigerators, it is extremely important to measure and plan extensively before you break ground on this project. Many of the rules that you should consider when building a wine rack or purchasing a wine refrigerator still apply when building your own wine cellar, but there are more considerations as well. Because wine cellars are typically meant for large-scale wine storage and aging, be sure that your cellar is sufficiently insulated and protected from the elements.
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