By Danica Brunner. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 17:52:40 PM.
Passive cellars, rooms that are built below grade, rely on the ground temperature to cool them, and no cooling system may be required. Make sure that the cellar will retain a constant temperature between 52 and 58 degrees; otherwise a cooling unit will be required. Racking There are many types of wood racking in different shapes and sizes. Most popular are the redwood and solid pine racking. Powder coated enamel racking is functional and easy to install. The racking designs are endless.
Your wine cellar is more than just a storage solution, it’s a room where your collection can be displayed in all its glory, which is why lighting plays a big part in the overall décor. We’d recommend installing low-voltage or LED lights, as these will give off the least amount of heat. Using bold bright lighting can risk damaging the wine, so opt for a lighting solution that allows you to read the labels clearly without causing too hot an environment. It’s a good idea to install set timers and motion sensors in the cellar to make sure lights are only on when necessary. If lights are left on for long periods, this could heat up the cellar and put all your efforts to waste. Recessed lighting and sconces can provide fairly subtle, yet effective lighting solutions.
For the flooring, tile, in the form of slate, marble, stone, ceramic, or composite, is an attractive and practical material. Linoleum or vinyl is often used, but NEVER use carpet. This will lead to rot, mold and mildew from the cool and damp conditions of a cellar. Wood flooring can be used but it can be more involved. The floor must be leveled and care must be taken to leave room for expansion around the perimeter or it will buckle when the floor absorbs the moisture. There are even new products on the market, like cork flooring.
Doors & Lighting: Two more elements that can have an effect on the environment of a cellar are doors and lighting. Doors must be of an exterior grade with a full weather stripping. If a cooling unit is being installed, without the weather seal the cellar will not maintain its proper humidity or temperature levels. This is the most common problem with cooling units running continually. Solid core doors, or doors with glass inserts, make sure the glass is double thermo pane and tempered, are used most often.
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