By Ashley Corey. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Wednesday, May 30th, 2018 - 23:43:08 PM.
Wine Racks and Case Storage: Avoid fluorescent illumination which ruins wine. Standard lighting is the regulation required moisture proof bulkhead lighting using normal LED lamps. Adequate lighting helps to locate bottles. Some form of racking and shelving is needed. The choice is very personal, and depends on whether it is a showcase type or a working cellar. There are designer built racks of hard wood which will provide an impressive display but are very expensive. The alternative is a mix of bins, rectangular, square or diamond shaped (recommended), and single bottle racks, with additional below counter level shelves for unbroken casesboxes.
The general rule when building is, the thicker the walls the better the insulation factor, the better the cellar maintains a consistent temperature. A vapor barrier and insulation is required. 6-mil plastic sheeting should be applied to the hot side of the cellar walls & ceiling. If it is impossible to apply to the outside walls then apply the vapor barrier from within the cellar. Wrap the entire cellar, walls and ceilings, in plastic, leaving it loose in-between the stud cavity so the insulation can be placed easily. Recommended MINIMUM R Factor: Walls: R 11 Ceilings: R 19
Ridged Foam and Fiberglass insulation are normally used in cellar construction. It is very important that all walls and ceilings be insulated. This will ensure that the temperature will remain constant and not be affected by the outside elements. If the floor is concrete apply a sealer before applying the finish flooring. This will prevent any moisture from transmitting from the ground. This moisture will rot wood and keep mastic, used to apply tile and linoleum, from setting properly.
Vibration is another factor to keep in mind. Wine needs to rest without distraction or constant rumblings in the environment. Keep wine away from any motors or heaters, and if you live near the metro, you may want to find another location to store your wine. Finally, as your wine cellar grows like wildflowers you can use two simple things to help organize your cellar. Plastic tabs containing the wine's name and vintage can be placed around the bottle's neck to help you determine which wine is in front of you without having to pull the bottle off the rack.
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