By Davina Barkley. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 24th, 2018 - 02:28:12 AM.
Guidelines: When constructing a Wine Cellar, be it a dedicated room, a closet renovation, or a cold room conversion, the basic element you are trying to achieve is an environment in which your wines can be safe and protected while they mature. To maintain this environment you must isolate the interior of your wine cellar from exterior conditions. The ideal set of parameters - a constant ambient temperature of 12 C (55 F), little or no light, relative humidity around 60 - 70 % and an undisturbed area free from vibration and odors - defines the environment your trying to create for your wines. If your stray outside these ranges the greater the chance the wine may age poorly. With this ideal set of parameters your wine will age gracefully on a smooth path to perfection.
Wooden Rack Wine Cellar: Additionally, cold goes through the floor, spreads through the earth, and could cause condensation on adjoining house walls. If your cellar is on an upper floor, insulation of the floor is mandatory to avoid condensation on the ceiling of the room below, which if it is your neighbors could lead to very unpleasant relations especially if his ceiling plaster gives way. Similar considerations apply to insulation of the ceiling in cellars built within apartments. For upper floor cellars, check the floor loading factor. Domestic apartments are not built to take very heavy loads. A case of wine weighs 40-45 pounds. A six case high stack means a load of over 220 pounds on an area about one square foot. On 10 square feet you can pile 9 or 10 such stacks! Whether it is you or your neighbor below, structural cracks are not desirable.
Wine refrigerators can either be stand-alone or built-in, each offering their own perks. Stand-alone wine refrigerators allow you to place them almost anywhere in your house, and you can move them around whenever and wherever you want. A stand-alone unit can also help you avoid costly and time-consuming kitchen renovations. However, many people prefer the luxury of a built-in feature, which can save room and offer a sleek look to your kitchen.
A dumb waiter saves your back, and with advancing age this is solid medical advice! Industrial strength insulation is essential, even for below ground cellars. The standard material used is four to six inch thick polystyrene or polyurethane sheets, aluminum clad on both sides. Insulate all six surfaces, meaning four walls, ceiling and floor, even if your cellar rests on solid earth. The cold room contractor who advises that it is not necessary to insulate the floor because it rests on solid earth does not know what he is talking about and should be avoided. Heat absorbed by the ground during the day goes through the earth and rises through the floor.
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