By Heather Chow. Wine Cellar System. Published at Wednesday, May 30th, 2018 - 23:52:48 PM.
It is also possible to install a split air system into a wine cellar although these units can be very expensive with prices running into many thousands of dollars. A split air system is installed outside the cellar and the supply and return air is ducted to and from the wine cellar. This cellar refrigeration system works like a central air-conditioning system and is similarly quiet. This system would usually include electronic controls and a digital display. There are many options available with split system cooling including humidifiers, dehumidifiers and alarm units. With the addition of the options, a split air system will provide you with total control of your wine cellar refrigeration, albeit at a large cost. If you find that your wine cellar requires a cooling unit it is worthwhile shopping around and comparing brands. There are few bargains, however, you should be able to save money with a little research.
Why is Humidity Important? Humidity is a critical feature often overlooked in wine cellar design. 50% - 70% is recognized as adequate, with 60% the ideal. When the humidity is higher than 70%, it will likely cause mold and degradation of the labels and glue. When the humidity is below 50%, corks will begin to dry out resulting in loss of liquid in the bottles and possible degradation of the wine.
Split System; Ductless split systems, which keep the condensing unit and fan coils separate, were made for cellars where proper ventilation is not directly available. The evaporator coil part of the unit will still be located inside the cellar with your wine. However, the compressor, fan, and coil of the cooling unit will be located outside, or perhaps in an adjoining room to your wine cellar. This is to help provide the cooling unit with a proper amount of ventilation. A kind of flexible hose or refrigeration line will connect the exterior unit to the interior one.
If humidity is too high, you risk growing mold in your corks, labels and wine racks. If the temperature is too cold, the wine becomes dormant and would end up tasting flat instead of being fruity and sparkling. If the temperature is too high, you risk cooking the wine and aging it prematurely. Ideally, however, the cellar room itself should be designed and constructed precisely with the right conditions for these temperature and humidity variables to work.
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