By Davina Barkley. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 15:43:57 PM.
Wall, Ceiling & Floor Coverings: What type of finishing materials should be used? There are certain ones not to use, but what it really comes down to is a matter of taste and budget. The cellar usually has a decor theme that is carried throughout the interior. The walls and ceilings are often covered with drywall and then plastered or painted (when painting only use a latex covering). If drywall is used we recommend that a waterproof drywall be used for added protection. Cedar, Redwood and other wood coverings can be applied to the walls and ceiling, usually in a tongue and grove application. This can provide a uniform look to the cellar especially when the racking material is the same wood as the wall and ceiling coverings. Stone, granite or even ceramic tiles can be used as wall covering material.
For flooring, cover the insulation panels with plain wood (plywood), preferably overlaid with a thick synthetic carpet which can cushion dropped bottles and minimise breakage. The optimum cooling equipment is not domestic air conditioners but industrial refrigerating compressors, situated outside the houseapartment and connected to evaporators in the cellar, which are best mounted on the ceiling to save wall space for the racking. It is better to provide over rather than under capacity of cooling because it imposes less strain on the compressor. And insist on high quality equipment, especially the controlling thermostat. A faulty thermostat could cause the compressor to operate non-stop, leading to temperatures of 50 degrees fahrenheit or more below zero, with absolutely disastrous and irretrievable consequences to your wine. Provision of an alarm set to go off if the temperature goes beyond preset minimum and maximum temperatures is essential.
Sub Floor Wine Cellar: The major (very major) disadvantage of below ground cellars is water, water leaking into the cellar. If you are on high ground, it is less of a problem, but not eliminated entirely. The best advice is three words: waterproof, waterproof and waterproof. And do not believe your architect or contractor when they tell you that the waterproofing they have provided is the industrial standard. Do like the airlines. Operate on a 200 percent safety factor. For below ground cellars, a dumb waiter (50 kg load sufficient) may be a luxury but is an enormous help. Carrying a heavy case of wine up the stairs is not easy.
Choosing the most appropriate flooring: Like the walls and shelving, the floor of your wine cellar should be incredibly resilient and resistant to moisture. Some good choices for durable floor material in your wine cellar are brick, stone and tiled flooring. More expensive, but luxurious flooring options for wine cellars, include marble and hardwood. For something a tad different, cork flooring can make for a durable, rather fitting choice! As for flooring no-no’s in your wine cellar, we should stress that carpeting of any kind should be avoided at all costs. The cool, damp conditions of the cellar will only cause mould and mildew to form – not a good look or smell for your home wine cellar.
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