By Michaela Sorenson. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 20:44:25 PM.
Proper aging of wine requires that you keep wine undisturbed as well as at a constant temperature. While wine refrigerators are built to handle these tasks for you, wine cellars will require some preparation. You will need to invest in an cellar cooling system for this purpose. While cellaring wine can be expensive, someone with a large wine collection and a desire to age wine will surely benefit from this investment.
Wine is also extremely light-sensitive. We winegeeks keep careful tabs when we’re wine shopping, and whenever a bottle is kept on the top shelf beneath bright lights, we follow one simple rule – don’t buy that wine. I’ve opened bottles for tastings and five-course meals that were dramatically affected by light. The cooked fruits, caramel and bourbon flavors were not what the wine maker intended. Needless to say, keep your bottles in a dark place until it’s time to pop the cork to avoid putting a damper on your evening.
The general rule when building is, the thicker the walls the better the insulation factor, the better the cellar maintains a consistent temperature. A vapor barrier and insulation is required. 6-mil plastic sheeting should be applied to the hot side of the cellar walls & ceiling. If it is impossible to apply to the outside walls then apply the vapor barrier from within the cellar. Wrap the entire cellar, walls and ceilings, in plastic, leaving it loose in-between the stud cavity so the insulation can be placed easily. Recommended MINIMUM R Factor: Walls: R 11 Ceilings: R 19
Passive cellars, rooms that are built below grade, rely on the ground temperature to cool them, and no cooling system may be required. Make sure that the cellar will retain a constant temperature between 52 and 58 degrees; otherwise a cooling unit will be required. Racking There are many types of wood racking in different shapes and sizes. Most popular are the redwood and solid pine racking. Powder coated enamel racking is functional and easy to install. The racking designs are endless.
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