By Ashley Corey. Wine Cellar System. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 03:45:13 AM.
The Wine Room: Before installing a wine refrigeration system, make sure the room is vapor sealed and properly insulated. Every wall and ceiling should be scaled with a vapor barrier on the "warm side" of the walls. 6 or 8 mil plastic sheeting is highly recommended. Interior walls should be insulated to a minimum of R-19. We recommend using rigid foam board. Additionally, all cracks should be filled with expanding spray foam. All walls are finished with moisture resistant green board.
Home - or even commercial - refrigeration equipment is built to cool food quickly to prevent it spoiling. This is achieved by blasting cold air until the desired temperature is reached. Then a cycle kicks in whereby once the set temperature is reached, the refrigerator shuts off. When the temperature rises to a pre-determined point, cold air is again blasted. This continuous fluctuating temperature cycle isn't good for your wines.
If humidity is too high, you risk growing mold in your corks, labels and wine racks. If the temperature is too cold, the wine becomes dormant and would end up tasting flat instead of being fruity and sparkling. If the temperature is too high, you risk cooking the wine and aging it prematurely. Ideally, however, the cellar room itself should be designed and constructed precisely with the right conditions for these temperature and humidity variables to work.
Split systems are praised for their efficiency and tend to last longer than self-contained units. Also, due to the compressor, fan, and coil being located in another space from where you’re keeping your wine, your cellar will be quite a bit less noisy than with a typical self-contained unit. Since the part of the unit making most of the noise will be separate from your collection, you won’t have to worry about your wine being affected by the vibrations of your cooling unit, which some aficionados believe may affect the aging of red wines.
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