By Serena Tomlin. Wine Cellar System. Published at Friday, May 04th, 2018 - 02:28:15 AM.
In all cases, quality should be a primary consideration. A cheap initial price will soon be forgotten if the wine cellar cooling unit fails and stresses your wine. Wine cellar units should be rated close to the intended operating temperatures and humidity. This means around 55 degrees F and 60% relative humidity. Be sure the unit you are buying is rated for wine cellar use, not household use. Because there are many variables other than the number of bottles or the cubic footage of the cellar to consider before selecting the type and size of a cooler, it is best if the calculation is done by a professional using a load calculation program. These variables might include frequency of door openings, lighting intensity, room insulation, doors and windows, frequency of case turnovers, etc.
The Wine Room: Before installing a wine refrigeration system, make sure the room is vapor sealed and properly insulated. Every wall and ceiling should be scaled with a vapor barrier on the "warm side" of the walls. 6 or 8 mil plastic sheeting is highly recommended. Interior walls should be insulated to a minimum of R-19. We recommend using rigid foam board. Additionally, all cracks should be filled with expanding spray foam. All walls are finished with moisture resistant green board.
Doors should be solid wood andor insulated and weather stripping is vital for an air tight seal.Glass should be double pane with a minimum of a 12" gap. Lighting should be low wattage. The Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units Wine cellar refrigeration unit types and models are usually chosen based on room size, which is usually measured in cubic feet (Length x Width x Height). Other factors to consider are the location of your wine room and the geographical aspects of your home because they can affect the temperature and humidity of your wine room. Measure the size of the room then use a thermometer and hygrometer to test the room's natural temperature and humidity.
How to Resolve the Humidity: First step should be the installation of a vapor barrier around the entire room. A minimum of 4 mil plastic is recommended with seams overlapped and taped. The vapor barrier is installed on the outside (or warm side) of the cellar insulation. This is to prevent condensation from forming on the vapor barrier, potentially causing mold. A cooling unit alone cannot add moisture or humidify cellar air. It needs a humidifier to do so. The best option is a humidifier integrated into a cooling unit so it operates and distributes the moisture evenly in the re-circulating air. However, a free-standing humidifier can also be installed in conjunction with a cooling unit as long as this is controlled by a high-quality wall-mounted thermostat.
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