By Danica Brunner. Wine Cellar System. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 03:30:54 AM.
The Wine Room: Before installing a wine refrigeration system, make sure the room is vapor sealed and properly insulated. Every wall and ceiling should be scaled with a vapor barrier on the "warm side" of the walls. 6 or 8 mil plastic sheeting is highly recommended. Interior walls should be insulated to a minimum of R-19. We recommend using rigid foam board. Additionally, all cracks should be filled with expanding spray foam. All walls are finished with moisture resistant green board.
In all cases, quality should be a primary consideration. A cheap initial price will soon be forgotten if the wine cellar cooling unit fails and stresses your wine. Wine cellar units should be rated close to the intended operating temperatures and humidity. This means around 55 degrees F and 60% relative humidity. Be sure the unit you are buying is rated for wine cellar use, not household use. Because there are many variables other than the number of bottles or the cubic footage of the cellar to consider before selecting the type and size of a cooler, it is best if the calculation is done by a professional using a load calculation program. These variables might include frequency of door openings, lighting intensity, room insulation, doors and windows, frequency of case turnovers, etc.
Split systems are praised for their efficiency and tend to last longer than self-contained units. Also, due to the compressor, fan, and coil being located in another space from where you’re keeping your wine, your cellar will be quite a bit less noisy than with a typical self-contained unit. Since the part of the unit making most of the noise will be separate from your collection, you won’t have to worry about your wine being affected by the vibrations of your cooling unit, which some aficionados believe may affect the aging of red wines.
It is also possible to install a split air system into a wine cellar although these units can be very expensive with prices running into many thousands of dollars. A split air system is installed outside the cellar and the supply and return air is ducted to and from the wine cellar. This cellar refrigeration system works like a central air-conditioning system and is similarly quiet. This system would usually include electronic controls and a digital display. There are many options available with split system cooling including humidifiers, dehumidifiers and alarm units. With the addition of the options, a split air system will provide you with total control of your wine cellar refrigeration, albeit at a large cost. If you find that your wine cellar requires a cooling unit it is worthwhile shopping around and comparing brands. There are few bargains, however, you should be able to save money with a little research.
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