By Danica Brunner. Wine Cellar System. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 03:30:54 AM.
Building a home wine cellar can create the ideal environment to store your wines. Temperature is always a major consideration in wine storage and the ideal wine storage temperature is between 55ºF and 58ºF (13ºC-15ºC), although any temperature between 40º-65ºF (5º-18ºC) will suffice as long as it doesn't fluctuate too much. Ideally, the humidity should be around 70%. If you can't achieve these temperatures in your passive cellar then you may require a cooling unit.
Wine cellar cooling systems are designed specifically to maintain a constant temperature between 55 to 57 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity levels between 50 to 70 percent. The right humidity levels will keep your corks moist and swollen enough thus ensuring a tighter seal while the right temperature moderates your wine's aging process. Always keep in mind: If humidity is too low, you dry out the corks, thus allowing air to slip into the bottle and if oxidation occurs, the wine will surely be ruined.
Wine Cellar Cooling Units: Cellar cooling units can be set at any temperature within the optimum range for successfully aging wines and they cool the air slowly and gently. They are designed to maintain humidity rather than dehydrating the cellar although sometimes additional humidification may be required in extremely dry climates. This type of cooling unit is usually installed approximately 18 inches from the top of the room in order to achieve maximum cooling. The unit will also require an unobstructed airflow and adequate ventilation to dissipate the heat generated by the unit.
The true range in which wine can be safely stored is still something professionals and laymen alike debate on, though the most commonly accepted range is around 50 to 59°F. If wine becomes too hot, depending on the length of exposure, it can spoil or become "cooked." If wine become excessively cold, it can freeze. The freezing can cause expansion, and this could push the cork out partially, thereby exposing the wine to oxygen. Drastic temperature swings can also be dangerous, so it’s suggested to try and keep your cellar at a constant temperature.
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