By Janelle Orlando. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 11:55:30 AM.
Best location: Wine cannot thrive in just any underground location in your home, so before you settle on a definite location for your wine cellar, take the time to consider certain factors. As underground wine cellars are commonly constructed in the basement, for example, consider what your wine cellar would be sharing a space with. Placing your cellar in the vicinity of a laundry room, a boiler or air conditioning unit, for instance, will all have detrimental effects on your wine collection. This is because wine is sensitive to vibrations and odours. The vibrations alone, from having these appliances nearby, is enough to shake your wine racks and stir up sediments in the wine. Similarly, if any odours are present around your cellar, wine can absorb them through the cork, so be sure to consult a renovation builder when deciding on the best location for your wine cellar.
However, much like wine racks and wine refrigerators, it is extremely important to measure and plan extensively before you break ground on this project. Many of the rules that you should consider when building a wine rack or purchasing a wine refrigerator still apply when building your own wine cellar, but there are more considerations as well. Because wine cellars are typically meant for large-scale wine storage and aging, be sure that your cellar is sufficiently insulated and protected from the elements.
For flooring, cover the insulation panels with plain wood (plywood), preferably overlaid with a thick synthetic carpet which can cushion dropped bottles and minimise breakage. The optimum cooling equipment is not domestic air conditioners but industrial refrigerating compressors, situated outside the houseapartment and connected to evaporators in the cellar, which are best mounted on the ceiling to save wall space for the racking. It is better to provide over rather than under capacity of cooling because it imposes less strain on the compressor. And insist on high quality equipment, especially the controlling thermostat. A faulty thermostat could cause the compressor to operate non-stop, leading to temperatures of 50 degrees fahrenheit or more below zero, with absolutely disastrous and irretrievable consequences to your wine. Provision of an alarm set to go off if the temperature goes beyond preset minimum and maximum temperatures is essential.
Ridged Foam and Fiberglass insulation are normally used in cellar construction. It is very important that all walls and ceilings be insulated. This will ensure that the temperature will remain constant and not be affected by the outside elements. If the floor is concrete apply a sealer before applying the finish flooring. This will prevent any moisture from transmitting from the ground. This moisture will rot wood and keep mastic, used to apply tile and linoleum, from setting properly.
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