By Nathaly Julian. Wine Cellar System. Published at Tuesday, April 17th, 2018 - 17:15:39 PM.
Why is Humidity Important? Humidity is a critical feature often overlooked in wine cellar design. 50% - 70% is recognized as adequate, with 60% the ideal. When the humidity is higher than 70%, it will likely cause mold and degradation of the labels and glue. When the humidity is below 50%, corks will begin to dry out resulting in loss of liquid in the bottles and possible degradation of the wine.
The Wine Room: Before installing a wine refrigeration system, make sure the room is vapor sealed and properly insulated. Every wall and ceiling should be scaled with a vapor barrier on the "warm side" of the walls. 6 or 8 mil plastic sheeting is highly recommended. Interior walls should be insulated to a minimum of R-19. We recommend using rigid foam board. Additionally, all cracks should be filled with expanding spray foam. All walls are finished with moisture resistant green board.
Split System; Ductless split systems, which keep the condensing unit and fan coils separate, were made for cellars where proper ventilation is not directly available. The evaporator coil part of the unit will still be located inside the cellar with your wine. However, the compressor, fan, and coil of the cooling unit will be located outside, or perhaps in an adjoining room to your wine cellar. This is to help provide the cooling unit with a proper amount of ventilation. A kind of flexible hose or refrigeration line will connect the exterior unit to the interior one.
While it is necessary to evaluate the amount you’re spending each year on growing your collection, it is also important to understand that keeping the storage temperature and humidity levels proper and precise is key to maintaining your collection. For both the amateur collector and aficionado, investing in a cooling unit for your wine cellar is a sensible, intelligent investment. While keeping in mind the humidity range your wine should be stored in (50%-70%), it is also useful to know the proper temperature you should keep your cellar. In fact, light, vibration, or temperature variance are also factors that can affect the aging of your collection.
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