By Lou Arriaga. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 01:02:01 AM.
Lighting becomes a very important part of the decor. The possibilities are endless, but make sure the lighting is air locked or of exterior grade. Use sufficient lighting to make an enjoyable atmosphere and one that is possible to see in. While it is true that leaving your lights on for long periods will have an impact on the temperature, for short periods it will not. Install a timer light to avoid leaving the lights on by accident when you leave the cellar.
The general rule when building is, the thicker the walls the better the insulation factor, the better the cellar maintains a consistent temperature. A vapor barrier and insulation is required. 6-mil plastic sheeting should be applied to the hot side of the cellar walls & ceiling. If it is impossible to apply to the outside walls then apply the vapor barrier from within the cellar. Wrap the entire cellar, walls and ceilings, in plastic, leaving it loose in-between the stud cavity so the insulation can be placed easily. Recommended MINIMUM R Factor: Walls: R 11 Ceilings: R 19
Humidity control is another valid concern. Damp air keeps wine corks from drying out, which forces the cork to stay expanded and ensures a firm seal. Laying a bottle on its side will also ensure the cork remains moist on the inside, which is just as important to keep the cork swollen. The ideal humidity level for your cellar is 55%-85%. If you’re concerned about humidity, buy a hygrometer to measure your cellar's humidity level. You can always install a humidifier if your cellar is dry, but be careful not to let the humidity rise much above 90% as this will cause mold to grow on the corks.
If you have a basement, you immediately have a great place for a cellar. Underground basement temperatures are relegated by the ground surrounding the basement walls, which creates ideal cellar temperatures. Apartment life can be tricky, so you will want to make sure your apartment stays a little cooler than normal, even in the scorching summer months. Or you can also buy a professional wine cabinet, which will keep your wine at the ideal temperature and humidity and will fit perfectly in your kitchen or dining room.
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