By Ava Renard. Wine Cellar System. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 12:09:05 PM.
In all cases, quality should be a primary consideration. A cheap initial price will soon be forgotten if the wine cellar cooling unit fails and stresses your wine. Wine cellar units should be rated close to the intended operating temperatures and humidity. This means around 55 degrees F and 60% relative humidity. Be sure the unit you are buying is rated for wine cellar use, not household use. Because there are many variables other than the number of bottles or the cubic footage of the cellar to consider before selecting the type and size of a cooler, it is best if the calculation is done by a professional using a load calculation program. These variables might include frequency of door openings, lighting intensity, room insulation, doors and windows, frequency of case turnovers, etc.
Standard refrigeration equipment is designed not only to cool but also to remove moisture. Wine gives off neither heat nor moisture so you end up with an environment that's way too dry for wine. This will cause wine corks to shrink, which will allow air to get in. Once the air is in contact with your wine the irreversible process of oxidation begins and your wine is ruined! Vibration can also be an issue with a home refrigerator. Wine requires a calm vibration-free environment in which to develop so any vibration will eventually destroy a fine wine.
Split System; Ductless split systems, which keep the condensing unit and fan coils separate, were made for cellars where proper ventilation is not directly available. The evaporator coil part of the unit will still be located inside the cellar with your wine. However, the compressor, fan, and coil of the cooling unit will be located outside, or perhaps in an adjoining room to your wine cellar. This is to help provide the cooling unit with a proper amount of ventilation. A kind of flexible hose or refrigeration line will connect the exterior unit to the interior one.
Wine cellar cooling systems are designed specifically to maintain a constant temperature between 55 to 57 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity levels between 50 to 70 percent. The right humidity levels will keep your corks moist and swollen enough thus ensuring a tighter seal while the right temperature moderates your wine's aging process. Always keep in mind: If humidity is too low, you dry out the corks, thus allowing air to slip into the bottle and if oxidation occurs, the wine will surely be ruined.
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