By Lou Arriaga. Wine Cellar System. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 09:17:53 AM.
Standard refrigeration equipment is designed not only to cool but also to remove moisture. Wine gives off neither heat nor moisture so you end up with an environment that's way too dry for wine. This will cause wine corks to shrink, which will allow air to get in. Once the air is in contact with your wine the irreversible process of oxidation begins and your wine is ruined! Vibration can also be an issue with a home refrigerator. Wine requires a calm vibration-free environment in which to develop so any vibration will eventually destroy a fine wine.
The true range in which wine can be safely stored is still something professionals and laymen alike debate on, though the most commonly accepted range is around 50 to 59°F. If wine becomes too hot, depending on the length of exposure, it can spoil or become "cooked." If wine become excessively cold, it can freeze. The freezing can cause expansion, and this could push the cork out partially, thereby exposing the wine to oxygen. Drastic temperature swings can also be dangerous, so it’s suggested to try and keep your cellar at a constant temperature.
While it is necessary to evaluate the amount you’re spending each year on growing your collection, it is also important to understand that keeping the storage temperature and humidity levels proper and precise is key to maintaining your collection. For both the amateur collector and aficionado, investing in a cooling unit for your wine cellar is a sensible, intelligent investment. While keeping in mind the humidity range your wine should be stored in (50%-70%), it is also useful to know the proper temperature you should keep your cellar. In fact, light, vibration, or temperature variance are also factors that can affect the aging of your collection.
It is also possible to install a split air system into a wine cellar although these units can be very expensive with prices running into many thousands of dollars. A split air system is installed outside the cellar and the supply and return air is ducted to and from the wine cellar. This cellar refrigeration system works like a central air-conditioning system and is similarly quiet. This system would usually include electronic controls and a digital display. There are many options available with split system cooling including humidifiers, dehumidifiers and alarm units. With the addition of the options, a split air system will provide you with total control of your wine cellar refrigeration, albeit at a large cost. If you find that your wine cellar requires a cooling unit it is worthwhile shopping around and comparing brands. There are few bargains, however, you should be able to save money with a little research.
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