By Danica Brunner. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 12:44:04 PM.
For flooring, cover the insulation panels with plain wood (plywood), preferably overlaid with a thick synthetic carpet which can cushion dropped bottles and minimise breakage. The optimum cooling equipment is not domestic air conditioners but industrial refrigerating compressors, situated outside the houseapartment and connected to evaporators in the cellar, which are best mounted on the ceiling to save wall space for the racking. It is better to provide over rather than under capacity of cooling because it imposes less strain on the compressor. And insist on high quality equipment, especially the controlling thermostat. A faulty thermostat could cause the compressor to operate non-stop, leading to temperatures of 50 degrees fahrenheit or more below zero, with absolutely disastrous and irretrievable consequences to your wine. Provision of an alarm set to go off if the temperature goes beyond preset minimum and maximum temperatures is essential.
Lighting becomes a very important part of the decor. The possibilities are endless, but make sure the lighting is air locked or of exterior grade. Use sufficient lighting to make an enjoyable atmosphere and one that is possible to see in. While it is true that leaving your lights on for long periods will have an impact on the temperature, for short periods it will not. Install a timer light to avoid leaving the lights on by accident when you leave the cellar.
This also means that you should measure the bottles you plan to keep. Keep in mind that the average 750 milliliter bottle of wine is approximately 3-4 inches wide and roughly 12 inches tall. However, wine bottles come in a variety of sizes, so consider any exceptions to this measurement that you purchase frequently or would like to store. So, if you had roughly 20 bottles of wine that you wanted to store, consider storing them in a rectangle: 4 bottles by 5 bottles. If you allow 5 square inches for each bottle (including the dividing woodmetal), that would give you an area of roughly 20 inches by 25 inches. You can use this as a guideline when designing your home wine rack.
You may not be ready to construct an insulated room with a built-in air conditioner that will ensure perfect temperature regulation. The important thing is to keep temperature fluctuation to a minimum. In the summer, the temperature in your dining room may balloon to the mid-80s in the middle of the day then fall to the mid-60s during the night. Excessive temperature fluctuation will cause the wine to expand and contract in the bottle, which will draw in air through the cork and cause oxidation.
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