By Serena Tomlin. Wine Cellar Types. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 14:22:07 PM.
Cooling Systems: If environmental cooling systems are required Winecave can assist in the application. There are two types of units used to control temperature and humidity in a wine cellar. One is a self contained "through the wall" system, which can handle cellar space up to 1500 cubic feet. The other is a "split system", which is comprised of a condenser located outside the cellar, and an evaporator and thermostat located inside the cellar. For large cellars there are Split Systems that require commercial refrigeration installation.
The general rule when building is, the thicker the walls the better the insulation factor, the better the cellar maintains a consistent temperature. A vapor barrier and insulation is required. 6-mil plastic sheeting should be applied to the hot side of the cellar walls & ceiling. If it is impossible to apply to the outside walls then apply the vapor barrier from within the cellar. Wrap the entire cellar, walls and ceilings, in plastic, leaving it loose in-between the stud cavity so the insulation can be placed easily. Recommended MINIMUM R Factor: Walls: R 11 Ceilings: R 19
For flooring, cover the insulation panels with plain wood (plywood), preferably overlaid with a thick synthetic carpet which can cushion dropped bottles and minimise breakage. The optimum cooling equipment is not domestic air conditioners but industrial refrigerating compressors, situated outside the houseapartment and connected to evaporators in the cellar, which are best mounted on the ceiling to save wall space for the racking. It is better to provide over rather than under capacity of cooling because it imposes less strain on the compressor. And insist on high quality equipment, especially the controlling thermostat. A faulty thermostat could cause the compressor to operate non-stop, leading to temperatures of 50 degrees fahrenheit or more below zero, with absolutely disastrous and irretrievable consequences to your wine. Provision of an alarm set to go off if the temperature goes beyond preset minimum and maximum temperatures is essential.
Best location: Wine cannot thrive in just any underground location in your home, so before you settle on a definite location for your wine cellar, take the time to consider certain factors. As underground wine cellars are commonly constructed in the basement, for example, consider what your wine cellar would be sharing a space with. Placing your cellar in the vicinity of a laundry room, a boiler or air conditioning unit, for instance, will all have detrimental effects on your wine collection. This is because wine is sensitive to vibrations and odours. The vibrations alone, from having these appliances nearby, is enough to shake your wine racks and stir up sediments in the wine. Similarly, if any odours are present around your cellar, wine can absorb them through the cork, so be sure to consult a renovation builder when deciding on the best location for your wine cellar.
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