By Ashley Corey. Wine Cellar System. Published at Thursday, May 31st, 2018 - 16:19:24 PM.
The ideal temperature and humidity of any wine cellar would do well to mimic the natural conditions of France's legendary wine caves, which are acknowledged to be close to perfect. Keeping the rest of the world's cellars at the same 55-57 degrees Fahrenheit (14 degrees C) and with an average of 60% relative humidity generally requires some form of dedicated wine cooling system. To properly control the cellar temperature and humidity, the system should take into account and manage not only the cellar's temperature but also the vagaries of the climate in which you live. It is hotdry? Hothumid? Colddry? Coldhumid? Will your system also be required to supply heating to maintain the correct winter temperature? These are all important considerations when building or retrofitting your wine cellar.
Home - or even commercial - refrigeration equipment is built to cool food quickly to prevent it spoiling. This is achieved by blasting cold air until the desired temperature is reached. Then a cycle kicks in whereby once the set temperature is reached, the refrigerator shuts off. When the temperature rises to a pre-determined point, cold air is again blasted. This continuous fluctuating temperature cycle isn't good for your wines.
There are a few types of wine cellar cooling units to consider when choosing the right one for your cellar. It’s important to do a bit of research and assessment of your cellar before picking out which cooling unit to maintain perfect humidity and temperature for your collection. Self-Contained; A self-contained or through-the-wall cooling unit stands alone and works well in wine cabinets and some wine rooms. It’s important that these units have sufficient ventilation to ensure they keep the area at your desired temperatures. The self-contained cooling unit will have the evaporator and condenser housed together.
Understanding Temperature: 55- 57 degrees F (14 degrees C) is considered to be the ideal temperature for storing and properly aging wine. If the temperature consistently fluctuates up or down several degrees, your wines will be compromised and may age prematurely. Some cooling units are controlled using an in-bottle liquid temperature device, which signals the unit to adjust when it senses a change of 2 to 4 degrees of temperature in the liquid. Unfortunately, by the time the wine inside the insulated bottle reacts to the fluctuation, the air in the cellar has already shifted many more critical degrees.
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